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THE BEGINNINGS OF BUDDHISM
BASIC TEACHINGS OF BUDDHISM
Siddhartha Gautama is the name of
the person who became known as the Buddha.
one of the earliest disciples of the Buddha.
a missionary who spread Buddhist teachings.
an Indian translator of essential Buddhist texts, who worked in China.
The Buddha lived about this time.
tenth century B.C.E.
fifth century B.C.E.
second century B.C.E.
first century C.E.
The Buddha was particularly troubled by the problem of
whether there is an afterlife.
the existence of the divine.
suffering and death.
the exploitation of the poor.
Vinaya refers to
the robe worn by monks.
a collection of rules for monks and nuns.
the afternoon chanting of sutras.
an amulet blessed by a monk and worn for good luck.
The basic outlook on life, formulated by Buddhism, is contained in
the four major yogas.
the Four Noble Truths.
the four castes.
the Four Passing Sights.
Regarding the common belief in a permanent soul, the Buddha seems to have taught that
there is none.
each person has one, but it dies with the body.
the soul is more important than the body.
souls are constantly being reborn.
Nirvana seems to come from a word that means
A major goal of Buddhism is
union with God.
The dissatisfaction and sorrow that life brings is called
Buddhism focuses especially on
maintaining inner peace.
achieving material success.
attaining all one’s goals.
using one’s talents well.